Thursday, February 28, 2013

Whose Name? (1)

People give their names to all kinds of things  by Ruth Devlin
摩天輪為什麼叫Ferris Wheel? 人們以自己的名字為各種事物命名

Some people can never be forgotten. That's because their names become common words. As many as 50,000 word in the English language get their meaning from people's names. Some are real people; others are characters in books or stories.

Often a new dish is given the name of its inventor. The sandwich gets its name from the 4th Earl of Sandwich, John Montagu (1718-1792). He spent long hours working or gambling and didn't wish to stop for a meal. He had his servants put meat between two slices of bread to eat while he worked. His friends began to ask for similar snacks, and the name "sandwich" came into common use.

Granny Smith apples are named for Maria Ann Smith, a grandmother. Born into a farm family in 1799, Maria married Thomas Smith at 19. They were persuaded by the British government to move to Australia. On their farm near Sydney, they grew apple trees. Their special variety of tart apple became known as a Granny Smith.

Grammar Gym
[Someone] spends long hours [doing something] and didn't wish to stop for a [something else].
He spent long hours working or gambling and didn't wish to stop for a meal.
* The artist has spent hours working on his painting and doesn't wish to stop for a break.
* Tom spent long hours writing his paper and didn't wish to stop for a snack.

Info Cloud
要表示某人出生於什麼樣的家庭, 介系詞用 into (born into)
* He was born into a musical family. 他出生音樂世家
born with a silver spoon in his mouth 出生於有錢人家/含著銀湯匙
中文是說含著金湯匙出生, 但英文是用銀湯匙,
因為傳統上, 有錢人家生小孩都會送純銀的湯匙當禮物

Language Lab
character n.電影戲劇/書中角色人物
* The actors who played the main characters in the musical were mainly from Britain.
* The star made his character lovable and charming.

inventor n. 發明者
invent v. 發明
or字尾 人的意思
* The inventor of this computer software is only a college student.
invention n.
* The invention of Facebook created a new era.

slice n. 食物切下來的薄片
I put some slices of ham on my sub.
slice v. 將食物切成薄片
* You need a sharp knife to slice the roast beef.

persuade v. 說服 勸說 使相信
* Jonathan was persuaded to join this club by his friend.
Jonathan 是因為朋友勸說參加了這個社團
* It was the great benefits that persuaded Sean to accept the job offer.


Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Games to Improve Your Game

Improve your basketball skills while having fun
能增進比賽表現的比賽 好玩之餘,又可增進你的籃球技巧

If you're serious about improving your basketball skills, you probably practice your shooting and ball handling daily. But improving your skills doesn't have to be all work and no play. You can also get some practice by simply playing these straightforward games.

An old classic, this game continues to help people improve their shooting accuracy  and versatility. Players take turns trying to make the first basket using a lay-up, bank shot or hook shot. When one player make a basket, all other players must do so in exactly the same way, or they get penalized with a letter (first H, then O, etc.).

When players have missed five shots (gaining an entire HORSE), they are eliminated - the last man standing wins.

21 - The Game
The game of 21 is essentially a game of half-court basketball. But instead of having teams, each player is competing against all the others. The first player to score 21 point wins. This game is a great way to practice aggressive offense because other players outnumber the player holding the ball. Whether on the court, in a park or in the street, these games are a lot of fun. But more than that, they'll help you improve your skills.

Grammar Gym
etc. = etcetera = "and the rest"
and other things of the same kind : and so forth — in writing usually used in its abbreviated form etc

Info Cloud
street ball 街頭籃球, 街球
這屬於 pick up game 即興的比賽,
得分 make it / take it
make the basket - take the ball
像是林書豪 Jeremy Lin 去年在台灣就有在穚下玩 street ball

Language Lab
versatility n. [noncount] 多才多藝, 有多方面的技巧
ver 字根有轉動的意思
Max stands out for his incredible versatility as an entertainer.
身為一位藝人, Max 驚人的多元性, 讓他出類拔萃
versatile adj. 多才多藝的
* He's the most versatile actor I've ever seen.

penalize v. 處罰, 懲罰
pen 這個字根有處罰的意思
* The player was penalized and couldn't play the rest of the game.
* The company is being penalized for its environmental violations.

compete v. 競爭, 對抗
compete... against 競爭的對象
* The Red Sox are competing against the Yankees today.
compete... for 為了榮譽而競爭
* The two teams will compete for the championship tonight.

outnumber v. 數量上超過
out 超過
number 數量
Our troops were greatly outnumbered by our enemies.
Even though we were outnumbered, we still won the battle.
我們雖然人數不敵對方, 但還是贏得了勝利

- essentially adv. [more essentially; most essentially]

essential adj. extremely important and necessary


Tuesday, February 26, 2013

What Questions Do Employers Want to Hear in an Interview? (3)

8. Are there paid, ongoing learning opportunities offered at my level of job responsibility? What obligations do I have if I elect to take advantage of them?

9. What does the company expect in the way of personal and professional growth for a person hired into this position?

10. Does the company value a difference in work and personal time, or does it blur the responsibilities between the two?

Think about your goals first
Don't feel obligated to walk into the interview with a set number of questions, but these give you an idea of the right questions to ask.

Also think of the questions in terms of your carrer and personal goals. If you're moving into a role with more responsibility how will that affect what questions you ask? If you're starting a family soon,
what do you want to know about the company's commitment to work/life balance? Thoughtful planning and preparation for an interview will not only help you feel more confident but will also leave a great impression on the person interviewing you.

Info Cloud
turnover 字面上是翻轉的意思, 用於企業組織就是人事上的變動,
turnover rate 員工的離職率
在面試的時候, 我們可以詢問面試關 What is your turnover rate at your company?
答案如果沒有超過15% 那就是可以接受的 是一間正常的公司
如果過高的話 表示這間公司有問題

Language Lab
ongoing adj. 持續進行的, 不間斷的
* The ongoing news coverage of the scandal attracted a lot of attention.
* The negotiations of both companies are still ongoing after months.
經過了幾個月的時間, 這二家公司的協商仍在進行中

blur v. 使模糊不清, 難以區分
過去式, 過去分詞, 現在分詞 - 都要字尾重覆加上red/ring- blurred/ blurring
* The heavy rain blurred his sight, so he drove very slowly.
大雨讓他看不清楚, 所以開車開的很慢
* I think you're blurring the distinction between "means" and "ends".

in terms of something [phrase] 就某一方面而言
trem 條款, 條件
* In terms of quality, our products are unbeatable.
就品質而言, 我們的產品是所項無敵的
* In terms of a career, he's quite successful, but in terms of family, he's not.
就事業而言他非常成功, 就家庭而言就不是如此了

thoughtful adj. 深思熟慮的, 經過認真推敲的
1. serious and quiet because you are thinking
2. done or made after careful thinking
3. showing concern for the needs or feelings of other people
thought 思想
* Don went thougth thoughtful consideration before he decided to quit.
Don在辭職之前, 經過了深思熟慮的考量
thoughtful 細心的
* It was very thoughtful of you to call.

obligate v.使負義務; 強使
[+ obj] : to make (a person or organization) do something because the law requires it or because it is the right thing to do


Monday, February 25, 2013

What Questions Do Employers Want to Hear in an Interview? (2)

The right questions to ask

Alan Guinn, managing director and CEO of the Guinn Consultancy Group, works with employers every day. He recommends that recruiters listen for these 10 questions from job applicants to see if they've done their homework and truly want the position:

1. What are some of the ways your company encourages teamwork?

2. We all know how important job satisfaction is to everyone. Is the company committed to promotion from within?

3. I love your published mission and values. How are these reflected in day-to-day life at the company? Can you share some examples?

4. If your son, daughter or a friend were looking for a job, would you recommend working for this company? Why?

5. What do you think distinguishes this company from its competitors, both from a public and employee perspective?

6. How often do you speak with your C-level officers? When you do, what do they normally ask you? Do they ask for your opinion?

7. How does the company demonstrate a sense of pride in it's employees?

Info Cloud
e-mail 要專業, 最好用自己的名字


1. 提供的e-mail名稱要夠成熟、專業,少用cute_mouse這種名字,e-mail最好有真實姓名。
2. 注意在社群網站上所公布的資料,雇主可能到你的Facebook瀏覽。
3. 申請能勝任的工作,不要自不量力、眼高手低。

Language Lab
recruiter n.招聘人員,
re 回來
* The recruiter came all the way from St. Louis just to meet Daniel.
這位招聘人員老遠從St. Louis 來就是要見 Daniel
recruit v. 招募, 徵兵
* The college only recruits students in the top 10% of their class.

applicant n. 申請著, 應徵者
[count] : someone who formally asks for something (such as a job or admission to a college) : someone who applies for something
* All the applicants were required to submit English resumes.
apply v. 申請
* Chelsea applied for Boston University.
Chelsea 申請了波士頓大學

distinguish v. 使與眾不同, 使突出
1. to notice or recognize a difference between people or things [no obj]
2.  not used in progressive tenses [+ obj] : to make (someone or something) different or special in some way
3. not used in progressive tenses [+ obj] : to see or hear (someone or something) clearly
dis 分開
* Unpredictability distinguishes this playwright from others.
distinguish 辨別
The boy learned to distinguish the sounds of different frog.

competitor 競爭者, 對手
* All our major competitors bid for the contract.
* Over 1000 competitors took part in the marathon.

- sense of pride

- consultancy n.
[count] : a company that gives professional advice to other companies for a fee : a consulting company



Sunday, February 24, 2013

What Questions Do Employers Want to Hear in an Interview? (1)

What you ask or don’t ask may affect your future - by Justin Thompson
面試官想聽到的問題 你詢問或沒問的問題,可能會影 響到你的未來

Once you've received the call from an employer inviting you in for an interview, the real preparation begins. Prior to an interview, candidates should research the company so they can not only answer questions, but have questions ready to ask the hiring manager as well.

The interview is where the job candidate and employer get to know each other. Think of it like dating. While a job interview is an professional setting and the outcomes are different, the intentions are the same.

You've exchanged information because you think there might be a connection, and now you're ready for your "first date." As much as you want to make a good first impression, the employer needs to make a good impression, too.

Just like a first date, you don't want one person to dominate the conversation and ask all the questions. It should be a balanced dialogue, and you should ask questions that get to the heart of the matter: Who is this employer, and why should I work for this company?

Grammar Gym
Think of it like [something].
* Think of it like dating
* Receiving a shot can be scary; think of it like getting a mosquito bite.
* Cleaning your room can seem boring; think of it like playing a game.

Info Cloud
research the company 對公司做一番研究
* Prior to an interview, candidates should research the company. They have questions ready to ask the hiring manager.
Don't ask such questions:
* What does your company do?
* Who's your competition?
The best way to research the company that get on the internet to browse it's website.

Language Lab
prior adj. 在前的, 在先的 在....之前
* Prior to the surgery, the doctor had to get the patient's consent.
手術之前, 醫生必須先得到病人的同意書
* Sean sold his car to a friend prior to his move to London.
Sean搬去倫敦之前, 把車子賣給了一個朋友

outcome n. 結果
* Bob was satisfied with the outcome of the renovation of his house.
Bob 對於自己房子裝修的結果很滿意
* The outcome of the treatment needs to be assessed professionally.

dominate v. 主導, 支配
* The boss dominated the meeting, and no one dared to suggest anything.
老闆主導了整個會議, 沒有人敢建議任何事情
* The basketball team successfully dominated the whole game and won!

the heart of the matter 事情的實質, 問題的核心
* Edward always gets to the heart of the matter in each discussion.
Edward 每次討論事情都能直接討論到事情的核心
* As usual, the heart of the matter is money and power.
一如往常, 問題的核心就是錢與權力


Friday, February 22, 2013

Packing in Practice (2)

Confession time: I pack a lot of stuff when I travel. My goal is to take the minimum, but that rarely works out. Something in my mind cries, "Jo! You will need more jeans and shirts! Bring all the DVDs and books you own in case you get bored! Pack some knitting needles because you like to knit sometimes! Better pack a chess set so you can play with the new friends you make!" The packing goes downhill from there.

They say practice makes perfect, and I've had a lot of practice since Germany. That trip - my first abroad - was difficult but valuable lesson. When I'm packing for a trip now, I remember how I felt then. I assume all my bags will be my responsibility. I want to take something, am I willing to carry it everywhere? Usually the extras aren't worth the effort. There's nothing like stairs and crowded spaces to set your packing priorities straight!

Grammar Gym
better- "you had better"
* Better bring an umbrella because it might rain!
* Better have some extra cash in case you want to buy something at a convenience store.

Info Cloud
carry it everywhere 帶著它到處跑
over-packed 帶著太多東西

Language Lab
confession n. 自白, 認罪
* The novel is actually the author's confession.
* The suspect signed his confession.
confess v.
I confess I lose my temper very often.

minimum n. 最小, 最少, 最低限度, 最低值
* A trip to the nearest hospital will take a minimum of one hour.
minimum adj. 最小的, 最低限度的
* He doesn't even reach the minimum height requirement of entering the police academy.

responsibility n. 責任, 職責
* It's the responsibility of the person who leaves last to lock all the doors and windows.
最後要離開的人, 有責任要鎖上所有的門窗
* The kitchen is your responsibility this week.

priority n.最重要的事, 優先事項
* My priority in life is to take care of my kids.
我人生的最優先事項, 就是先照顧我的孩子
* If you set your priorities in order, you won't waste time.
如果先把你的優先順序排好, 你就不會浪費時間了


Thursday, February 21, 2013

Packing in Practice (1)

Sometimes a well-packed bag takes a little practice!
練習打包 有時,要把行李打包好,還是需要一點練習!

I was nearly in tears as I dragged my three pieces of luggage through the deep snow. I was cold, tired and embarrassed. My two classmates had a backpack and one piece of luggage each. I felt judged for bringing more. I was in Freiburg, Germany, hiking along cobblestone streets on my way to the university. This was the last part of a very long journey form the U.S.

After landing first in Zurich, Switzerland, we made our way north to Germany. I carried my things up and down stairs, on and off trains. I squeezed myself onto crowded streetcars and elevators.

We were staying at the University of Freiburg for just a semester. But I suspected that I'd packed enough for a year. I'd barely arrived, and already I was wondering how I'd get my things home. When at last I got to my apartment, I frowned at my luggage. This was not going to happen again.

Info Cloud
packing light 打包輕便
1. save frustration 不煩惱
2. extra mobility 更多行動力
3. flexibility 更多彈性
4. save money 省錢 (因有些航空公司要收行李費)

Language Lab
luggage n. [noncount] 行李
a piece of luggage 一件行李
* Each passenger is allowed to carry one 25 kilo piece of luggage.
suitcase n.[count]行李箱

backpack n. 背包
* The boy's backpack is full of treats and game cards.
backpack v. 背著背包, 徒步旅行
* We backpacked around Italy.
backpacker 背包客

squeeze v.
to press together the parts and especially the opposite sides of (something) [+ obj]

cobblestone n.
[count] : a round stone that is used in paving streets

suspect v. 懷疑, 推測 (這個字重音在第二音節)
* We suspected that Larry was stealing long before we caught him.
我們懷疑Larry被我們抓到之前, 老早就在偷東西了
n.  嫌疑犯 (當名詞時重音在第一音節)
* Photos of the suspect were posted everywhere.

frown v. 擔心, 憤怒不悅而皺眉
* Reading her son's report card, Rita shook her head and frowned.
看著兒子的成績單, Rita皺著眉, 而且一邊搖頭 對著哪個對像皺眉
* Ellen frowned at her messy kitchen.
Ellen 皺著眉, 看著她亂七八糟的廚房
Turn your frown upside down! => smile
* Come on cheer up. Turn your frown upside down and let's have fun.



Wednesday, February 20, 2013

The Daytona 500

Get ready for one of America’s biggest racing events!

On this day in 1948, William France and his friends officially formed NASCAR, the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing. Over 200,000 fans will gather this coming Sunday in Daytona Beach, Florida, to watch the 55th Daytona 500, NASCAR's biggest racing event.

Visitors will hear roaring engines, smell smoking tires and witness high-speed crashes. Top drivers compete in this 500-mile-long race, reaching speeds of nearly 200 miles per hour.

A Close Finish
In 1959, in the first Daytona 500 three cars were neck and neck as they flew past the checkered flag. Since race officials didn't have their own camera, they asked reproters for photos to determine the winner. The photos showed that Lee Petty had won the race by a few feet! He was declared the winner three days after the race. Ever since, cameras have been installed at the finish line.

Gaining Popularity
The race was first broadcast on national TV in 1979, giving many Americans their first exposure to stock car racing. Thousands of new fans quickly became hooked on this fast, loud and dangerous sport.

The 55th Daytona 500 is about to start. Drivers and fans alike are eager to hear the race's famous starting line: "Gentlemen, start your engines!"

Info Cloud
prohibition n. 禁止, 被禁
1 [noncount] : the act of not allowing something to be used or done
* the city's prohibition of smoking in restaurants
2 [count] : a law or order that stops something from being used or done
* a prohibition against parking on the street
3 Prohibition [noncount] : the period of time from 1920 to 1933 in the U.S. when it was illegal to make or sell alcohol
prohibit v. (以法令, 規定等)禁止

課文提到 NASCAR是1948年成立,
但其實 NASCAR 要追溯到更早期的禁止令 prohibition
1920年代的禁酒令, 人們為了走私酒, 也避免被警察抓到,
就把車子改裝成跑車, 因速度較快,
1933 取消禁酒令之後, 但是還要課稅, 所以還是用改裝車走私酒,

Grammar Gym
first exposure to: first time to experience
* Sarah's concert last night was her first exposure to performing in public.
* Jason's first exposure to cross-cultural communication was when he went on a study-aroad program.

Language Lab
stock car n. 用舊車改裝成的賽車
plural ∼ cars
[count] : a car used for racing that has the same basic structure as a car normally sold to the public but has a more powerful engine, a stronger frame, etc. — often used before another noun ▪ stock car racing
stock adj. 成就的, 老套的
* Hundreds of people gathered at the finish line, waiting for the champion of the stock car race.

witness v.目睹, 親眼看見
* Several people witnessed the accident.
witness n. 證人, 目擊者
* The witness identified the suspect at the police station.

neck and neck 並駕齊區
extremely close together in a race or contest
* The two horses were running neck and neck during the race.
* The two candidates were neck and neck during the election campaign.

hook v. 勾住, 使動彈不得
become hooked on something 被某件事情吸引住了, 迷住了
* I got hooked on the music of this famous band.


Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Scientists Hope to Protect Seals by Understanding Their Sound (3)

"Caroline knows these individuals so well she can recognize them from the other side of the dunes," Reichmuth said of Casey. One male, "3C," produces a measured series of clanging pulses.

Another's call has the rhythm of a galloping horse. Other males sound like chainsaws, flamenco dancers or shuffling a deck of cards. Some, like "3C," begin and end their calls with a special touch - "a snorty flourish," according to Reichmuth.

This season, scientists used a speaker to broadcast recorded elephant seal calls to specific males on the beach. One seal, when hearing the recording, turned around and sped away. Another charged the speaker. "We've had a few speakers run over," Reichmuth said.

The different responses indicate that the calls are important, and the next step is figuring out what's encoded in the grunty orations. "There's no one thing about the sound that allows you to know whether it's a big male, or a dominant male," Reichmuth said.

When the seals return next winter, scientists will be there once more. " It's kind of addicting," Reichmuth said. "Sometimes the people migrate back as well."

Info Cloud

migrate v.遷徙
1. to move from one country or place to live or work in another
2. of a bird or animal : to move from one area to another at different times of the year
* North elephant seal is the only mammal in the world that makes not one but two migrations each year.

北方象鼻海豹這種動物, 它是會遷徙 (migrate),
但是它跟其他動物不同的地方是, 它每年遷徙不只一次, 而是二次,
它們每年會從加州的沿岸前往北太平洋覓食, 再回到南方的海岸

molt v.脫換 (一般用在動物的毛,羽毛, 皮)
to lose a covering of hair, feathers, etc., and replace it with new growth in the same place
molt its skin
* Snakes molt their skin each year. 蛇每年都會脫皮

海豹脫皮之後呢, 它們會把自己餵的飽飽的, 再回到南方

Language Lab

gallop v. 馬匹奔騰, 騎馬奔馳
[no obj] of a horse or similar animal : to run very fast : to run at a gallop
* The race horses started to gallop once they heard the signal.
* The cowboy jumped on his horse and galloped away.

shuffle v.
1. 洗牌
to mix (playing cards) before playing a game so that no one knows what order they are in
* The dealer professionally shuffled the playing cards.
* It's my turn to shuffle the cards.
2. 托著腳走
to slide your feet along the ground or back and forth without lifting them completely
* Mom always reminds me not to shuffle when I walk.
媽媽總是提醒我走路的時候, 不要托著腳

encode v.譯成密碼, 編成密碼
to put (a message) into the form of a code so that it can kept secret
en 使成為
code 密碼
* The confidential data were encoded.
* These encoded files are accessible only to the supervisors.

oration n. 演說, 演講, 口若懸河
a formal speech
ora 字根有說話的意思
* The novelist's oration at the awards ceremony touched a lot of people.
* The speaker delivered an oration on the subject of single parents.

-clang v.
to make or cause (something) to make the loud, ringing sound of metal hitting against something

-special touch
*add a special touch to make it unique

-flourish v.
1. to grow well: to be healthy
2. to be very successful: to do very well
3. to hold up and show (something) in an excited or proud way

-grunt v. to make a short, low sound : to make a grunt


Monday, February 18, 2013

Scientists Hope to Protect Seals by Understanding Their Sound (2)

Scientists Hope to Protect Seals by Understanding Their Sound

Once hunted to near-extinction, the northern elephant seals have rebounded. Now, scientists are concerned about the potential human impact on the growing population, and they hope that understanding the seals' communication and organization will help protect the bulbous-nosed cutie-pies.

"The more we can learn, the more we can predict how they'll respond to these types of encroachments and better protect them," said Caroline Casey, the project's field research coordinator.

And as winter ends it might seem quiet during a visit to Año Nuevo because most of the seals have left this favored breeding ground. Make no mistake, though, they are among the loudest animals on land. Their calls can [be] as loud as a jackhammer, with frequencies low enough to vibrate the sand around them. To understand what all the fuss is about, Southall has been recording their rumblings from 3 feet away.

"It's kind of crazy to think you're so close to 4,000-pound males while they're trying to fight," he said. "You can feel it resonating in your chest and sinus cavities." The team found that each male has a unique call.

Info Could

對於不認識的人可以用 mister 先生/ ma'am= madam 女士,
對於比較熟的朋友我們通常會用小名 nickname,
例如: Robert, 朋友可能會叫他 Rob 或 Bobby,
比較親密的像夫妻暱稱我們稱為 pet name,
像 darling, sweetheart, honey, sugar
本文作者用 cutie-pie 來形容北方象鼻海豹

Language Lab

rebound v. 回升, 重新振作
re 再一次
* The stock market rebounded yesterday after a week's poor performance.
經過一週表現普通之後, 股巿在昨天反彈
rebound n. 反彈, 籃板球 (重音放在第一個音節)

encroachment n. 侵入,侵占
* The range of rainforests is gradually shrinking because of the encroachment of land development.
由於土地發展的入侵, 雨林的範圍漸漸的縮小
encroach v.
* Our neighbor's shed encroached on our land.

rumbling n. 轟隆聲、轆轆聲
rumble v.隆隆作響
* After living here for a while, I got used to the rumblings of the trains passing by.
我在這裡住一陣子之後, 習慣了經過的火車發出的隆隆聲
* The rumbling of the thunder frightened the baby.

cavity n. (身體的)腔蛀牙
sinus cavity鼻腔
* The doctor looked at the patient's X-ray to make sure his chest cavity was clear.
醫生檢示病人的X光片, 確認他的胸腔是通暢的
* The cavity needs to be filled.

What's all the fuss about?


Sunday, February 17, 2013

Scientists Hope to Protect Seals by Understanding Their Sound (1)

Breaking the code of seal communication
海豹的聲音密碼- 破解海豹溝通密碼

northern elephant seals pic:

Scientists learning the snorty language of northern elephant seals are hoping to understand how the giant mammals use vocalizations to prevent costly fights and structure their colonies - and how we can keep the expanding population safe.

Armed with microphones, researchers from UC Santa Cruz's Institute of Marine Sciences have spent hundreds of hours on the brush-filled, windy dunes and beaches of Año Nuevo State Park, tracking more than 160 elephant seals and collecting some of their grumbly grunts and growls.

"These are fascinating animals, and they use sounds for really important parts of their lives," said Brandon Southall, a marine scientist and UC Santa Cruz research associate who studies elephant seal communication.

Like showing who's boss, Scientists think males use vocal calls to prevent fighting - much like smack-talk betweeen two guys in a bar - since seals vocalize before coming to blows. Often, challenges are settled by the calls alone.

"It's striking how rare physical fights are," said Colleen Reichmuth, research director at UCSC's Pinniped Cognition and Sensory Systems Laboratory.

But when two males the size of a Ford Explorer Fight, it's bloody and violent.

Info Cloud
the northern elephant seals 北方象鼻海豹

象鼻海豹其名elephant seals因為:
1. 象鼻海豹體型和大象差不多,
本文作者用Ford Explorer福特探險家這部車來形容它的大型體積
3. 兩者動物都擅長游泳
4. 兩者都有鬍鬚whiskers

Grammar Gym
striking => very noticeable
* It's striking how rear physical fights are.
* The tourist found it striking that all the public bathrooms were so clean.
* She is very striking.
* His striking good looks and charm made him very popular.

Language Lab
vocalization n.發聲、發聲法
vocal adj.聲音的
vocalize v.發聲、說出
* Whales use vocalizations to locate their schools.
* He couldn't vocalize his feelings because he was too shy.

grumbly adj.低吼的
grumble v.抱怨、發牢騷
* The bear's grumbly growl scared the intruder.
* Vivian grumbled that she always has to help people with their workloads.

smack-talk 威脅性的言語、叫囂smack 一下的打, 甩
* Crazy fans exchanged smack-talk after the game.
* Theo's smack-talk on Facebook caused him a lot of troubles.

cognition 不可數n.認知

* The development of children's cognition can be enhanced by good stimulation.
* Philip's brain injury affected his cognition and memory.


Friday, February 15, 2013

Free Lunch? (2)

I still feel like you're mooching off the restaurant.

If they don't want people to stay awhile in the restaurant, why do they offer free Wi-Fi?

Well, it's for paying customres.

That's what I'm saying.
I'm a paying customer - I bought a drink. I'm also a regular.
It's not like I'm trying to get a free lunch!

But you only bought one drink and you finished it a long time ago!

Are you saying you would be more comfortable sitting here if I had a pile of trash stacked around me on the table?

I just don't think the purchase of one drink entitles you to hours of free Wi-Fi, seating and air conditioning.

If you think about it, though, the restaurant is paying for Wi-Fi and air conditioning whether people are here or not.

Frankly, using this table is more environmentally friendly than sitting at home running my air conditioner just for myself.

That's all well and good, but you are still inconveniencing other people when the restaurant is packed.

As far as I am concerned, if my sitting here were a problem, the restaurant wouldn't offer services to bring me here.

Well, I'm going to eat and get out so someone else can have my seat.

Info Cloud
loiter v. 消磨時間, 混!
* No loitering! You must to consider other customers who don't have seat to eat food.
loiterer n.無所事事的人, 遊手好閒的人
* be considerate 為人著想

Grammer Gym
That's all well and good.
=> You mean that although it is good in some ways, it is bad in some ways too (usually + but ).

* Electric heating is all well and good, but what happens if there's a power cut?

Language Lab
mooch v. 索取, 佔便宜
mooch off 佔誰的便宜
* Alex is 30 years old. He should leave home and stop mooching off his parents.
Alex 已經30歲了, 他應該搬離父母的家, 不要再佔父母的便宜了
* Billy tried to mooch a free lunch off me.
Billy 想要我請他吃中飯

stack v. 堆成一疊
* All the books were stacked neatly on the shelves.
* The workers used forklifts to stack the heavy boxes.
stack n. 一疊, 一堆
* The stack of clothes on the floor are waiting to be sorted.

entitle v.
en 有使如何...如何
title 職份, 地位
entitle someone to something 某個人有資格享有某種權利或特權
* A membership entitles you to discount prices and free valet parking.

environmentally adv. 有關環境方面, 就環保的考量
enviornment n. 環境
* The plant is considered to be environmentally hazardous.
environmental adj. 環境的, 環保的
environmental groups 環保團體


Free Lunch? (1)

Does buying one drink earn you a day of free Wi-Fi and air conditioning?


It is lunchtime, and Blaine is looking for a seat in a fast food restaurant.
Suddenly, he sees his classmate Matt.

Hey, Matt! What are you doing here?

Oh, hi Blaine. I'm just doing some work and writing my blog.

Do you mind if I join you?
There aren't any other tables available.

Sure. Be careful you don't get hooked on my charger cable though.

Thanks. So do you study here often?

Yeah, I'm here most days.
It's a great way to save money on air conditioning and the restaurant has free Wi-Fi.

Aren't you eating anything?

I had a drink earlier this morning. I'll probably eat something later.

No offense, but it's pretty busy in here. Don't you feel guilty about taking up space for nothing?

Not really. It's not like I NEVER buy anything here. I am a loyal customer, and I eat here all the time.

Yeah, but you're not a customer now. You are occupying space that paying customers need.

Anyone is welcome to come and share my table. You did.
And besides, this is a fast food restaurant. Seating is first come, first served and people who don't get seats do have other choices. They can get their food to go.

Info Cloud

first come, first served 先搶先贏
* The early bird gets the worm. 早起的鳥兒有蟲吃 (American)
* You snooze, you lose.  (American:典故來自龜兔賽跑; snooze 睡個小覺)
* The morning time has gold in its mouth. 早晨的嘴裡有黃金(German)
* He who sleeps doesn't catch any fish. 睡覺的人捕不到魚(Italian)
* First to the mill gets to grind first. 先抵達磨坊的人可以先使用石磨(Swede)
* The quick a foot, the first ascend. 捷足先登(Chinese)

Language Lab

hook v. 勾住, 纏住
* The worker hooked the ladder over the edge of the roof.
* Pamela hooked her arm around her husband's
Pamela 把她的手臂勾住她先生的手臂
hook n. 勾子, 釣勾
* Britney hung her coat on the hook.
Britney 把大衣吊在掛勾上

charger cable n. 充電器, 充電線
charger 充電器; a battery charger 電池充電器
cable 電線
* The charger cable is compatible with several brands of cell phones.

no offense 沒有冒犯你的意思, 我無意冒犯
offense 冒犯, 得罪
* "Uh, no offense. I'm sorry that I was late this morning, but you're not my boss."
我無意冒犯你, 我很抱歉我今天早上遲到了, 但你不是我的上司

occupy v. 佔據, 佔用
* The project occupies most of Charlie's time. He doesn't even have time to sleep.
這個案子佔據了查理大部份的時間, 他連睡覺都沒有

* All the restrooms are occupied now. You have to wait in line.
 所有的厠所都有人, 你得排隊等候


Thursday, February 14, 2013


February: The shortest month of the year has a lot to offer
二月的節日: 一年當中最短的月份有許多節日活動

In the West, February brings Valentine's Day to mind. Indeed, Americans alone exchange over 150 million Valentine's cards annually. In addition, over 58 million pounds of chocolate candy are sold around this celebration of love. Maybe that is why February is National Chocolate Lover's Month in the U.S.!

In the East, people think of Lunar New Year, which often occurs in February. Most return home to celebrate this important holiday with their families.

While Groundhog Day, February 2, would not count as an important holiday, people enjoy the fun. A groundhog or other furry creature predicts the coming of spring on this day. If it sees its shadow, people can expect six more weeks of winter! If it doesn't see its shadow, an early spring will come.

February's flower is the violet, which represents faithfulness and humility. The amethyst, February's birthstone, represents sincerity. Every four years there is a February 29, but February still remains the shortest month.

School children learn this through an English rhyme:
30 days hath September, April, June and November;
all the rest have 31 excepting February alone,
which has 28 days clear and 29 in each Leap Year.

Grammar Gym
* brings to mind: "makes people think of"
"... February brings Valentine's Day to mind."
=> February makes people think of Valentine's Day.
* To many Americans, talking about Chinese food brings fortune cookies to mind.
* The mentioning of Paris brings the Elffel Tower to mind.

Info Cloud
chocoholic 巧克力愛好者

* Maybe that is why February is National Chocolate Lover's Month in the U.S.!
chocolate lover 也可以用 chocoholic 巧克力愛好者
這個字來自 alcoholic 酗酒者, 自從這個字成為英文單字後,
就有許多不同的字採用這個字的字尾 -aholic 來表示有某種癖好
像是 workaholic 工作狂, shopaholic 購物狂
但 chocoholic 並沒有 alcoholic 這麼嚴肅, 通常用於詼諧的場合

Language Lab
annually adv. 每年底, 一年一次地
ann 字根有年的意思
* Job performance is evaluated annually in this company.
annual adj. 年度的, 每年一次的
* annual budget 每度預算
* annual income 年收入

in addition adv. phrase 除此之外, 況且, 另外
addition  增加
通常前面的句字會有個敘述, 後面的句字是用來補充前面的句子
* Peter is the head of three companies. In addition, he's also the chairman of many charity organizations.
Peter 是三家公司的老闆, 除此之外, 他還是慈善機構的主席

predict v. 預測, 預料
pre 這個字首有提早的意思
* It's hard to predict which team will win the game.
* The woman made a prediction about the date of the end of the world.

humility 不可數n. 謙虛, 謙遜
* The movie star's humility made his fans love him even more.
這位電影名星的謙虛, 讓他的影迷更加愛護他
humiliate v. 侮辱, 或使丟臉
* The boy was beaten and humiliated by the bully for years.


Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Margaret E. Knight (3)

Knight insisted that the patent should be hers and ended up taking Annan to court. During the case, Annan argued that a woman would not be able to invent such a complex and innovative machine. But Knight provided evidence proving that the device rightfully belonged to her and received the patent in 1871. Knight then founded the Eastern Paper Bag Company, a business that would utilize her new machines. But invention remained her primary work, and Knight didn't limit her ideas to a single industry.

In her lifetime, Knight received at least 27 patents, and some sources claim she invented over eighty devices. These include several machines designed to help with shoe manufacturing, a numbering machine, a clasp, a skirt protector and several improvements to her paper bag machine. She continued inventing things into her sixties, even patenting some designs for rotary engines.

Knight died in 1914, and on her death one newspaper described her as a "woman Edison." At a time when women's intelligence was often underestimated, this mechanical genius proved that women too could develop innovative ideas that would shape the future of manufacturing.

Info Cloud

allusion 典故的運用,
* a woman Edison 這種比寓在文學稱為典故的運用

通常是讀者熟悉的人事物, 介由一個典故, 讀者可以很快的了解作者的描述
也許你沒有聽過Margaret Knight 這個人, 但是大家都知道誰是Edison,
所以用 a woman Edison, 可以讓讀者知道Margaret Knight 是個女發明家

* Waterloo 拿破崙的最後一場戰役
除了人物也可以拿歷史事件來運用, 像Waterloo 是拿破崙的最後一場戰役
在這次戰役當中, 拿破崙澈底的被打敗

* met his Waterloo 慘遭滑鐵盧, 被對手擊敗
當我們說某個候選人: met his Waterloo 就是說慘遭滑鐵盧, 被對手擊敗

illusion 假象

Language Lab

1. innovative adj.創新 革新
* The innovative design of this computer system won several international awards.
innovation n.  改革, 新的方法
* an innovation of telecommunications 電信通計的創新之舉

2. utilize v.利用 運用 使用
uti 這個字根有始用的意思
* The power plant utilizes wind power to generate electricity.
utilization n.
* Howard is skilled in the utilization of different kinds of software.
Howard 運用各種不用的軟體非常得心應用

3. clasp n.
- 拴扣
* The belt's clasp was handmade.

- 緊握, 緊緊的擁抱
* The host of the banquet gave me a warm clasp when he greeted me.

4. underestimate 低估
under 在什麼東西之下
estimate 估計或是估價
* Never underestimate the influence of the media.
underestimation n.
* The underestimation of the raw materials' prices caused serious problems.


Tuesday, February 12, 2013

Margaret E. Knight (2)

Although factories were eager to adopt her first invention, Knight did not receive much in the way of compensation for her effort. Because of her youth and her family's lack of education, Knight was unable to patent her safety device to earn a profit from selling it. But Knight did patent many of her later inventions, including one of her most enduring creations - a machine for producing flat-bottomed paper bags.

In Knight's day, paper bags were shaped like envelopes, which made them difficult to fill. While working at a paper bag factory, Knight conceived of bags with flat, rectangular bottomes that would be stornger and more practical.

Then she endeavored to invent a machine that would manufacture them, and she succeeded. Knight's one machine could perform the work of 30 people, cutting, folding and gluing the bags together. Knight worked for months to perfect her masterpiece, but when she appleid for a patent, one was already on file! A man named Charles Annan seen an early prototype of Knight's idea and had attempted to patent the machine as his own.

Info Cloud

eager adj.渴望的
* I'm eager to see my friends.
* Factories were eager to adopt her first invention.

anxious adj.渴望的、焦慮的、掛念的 (有憂慮不安的成份)
anxiety n.渴望、焦慮、掛念

Language Lab

1. compensation 不可數n. 報酬、津貼
* Ricky received $10,000 in compensation for his injury.
* Nathan clamed compensation for his surgery.

2. conceive v.構思、設想
* The idea of platform computers was conceived many years ago.
* The novel's plot was conceived during a trip to Rome.

3. endeavor v.n.努力、盡力
v. * The CEO endeavored to save the company but failed.
n. * Helen's endeavors to win the case proved to be successful.

4. on file (idiom)存檔的、有案可查的
* You should keep this document on file for future reference.
* I'm sure my application is on file already.


Monday, February 11, 2013

Margaret E. Knight (1)

Meet a woman whose ingenuity still affects our lives today 
by Elizabeth Sunshine

No one could have predicted that a baby girl born on February 14, 1838, in the cold northern state of Maine would revolutionize the world. Yet, that is what Margaret Kinght did.
She was not wealthy, received little education and lived at a time when women were not expected to accomplish much. Nevertheless, Knight's intelligence, effort and persistence enabled her to invent many devices with great significance for her own time and for our lives today.

Knight lived during a time when factories were springing up all over the United States and manufacturing was booming. Her father died when she was 10 years old, so she, like many young women of her day, began working in a textile mill.

When she was 12, Knight witnessed an accident in which a component of one of the machines flew off, seriously injuring a worker. Horrified, she determined to devise a way to prevent such accidents in the future. Knight designed a safety feature that would stop the machines if something got caught in them. The device soon became common in textile mills and is still used in some factories to this day.

Info Cloud
* Margaret Knight received little education.
Margaret Knight沒讀過什麼書
* I have little money.
a little有一點(positive)
* I have a little money.
* Few friends came to see him.
簡直沒什麼朋友來看他 (內心OS:很失望)
a few
* A few friends came to see him.

Grammar Gym
spring up : to appear and usually in a very quick way
* Margaret Knight lived during a time when factories were springing up all over the United States.
* When the park was opened to the public, hotels and motels began to spring up nearby.
* Shops and restaurants were springing up along the beach as the place became more popular.

Language Lab
ingenuity 不可數n.獨創性、別出心裁、發明的才能
* We were amazed by the artist's ingenuity.
* The girl showed ingenuity in her paintings.
persistence n.堅持、屹立不搖、契而不捨
persist v.堅持
* The tennis player's persistence and hard work contributed to his success today.
* If you persist in that behavior, I'll take away your computer privileges.
textile mill 紡織工廠
* Patrick used to work in a textile mill when he was young.
Patrick 年輕時曾經在紡織工廠工作
a steel mill 鐵工廠
a cotton mill 棉花工廠
component n.零件、成分 (fency word of part)
* Most of the car's components were made in Germany.
* Fresh fruit and vegetables are important components of a healthy diet.

You might also like       

Saturday, February 9, 2013

Lunar New Year in Washington, D.C. (2)

Students at Saturday morning Chinese schools celebrate Lunar New Year a different way. Not every child enjoys learning Chinese because it is more difficult than English. But Chinese parents still encourage them to learn the language and culture. To celebrate, the students do Chinese calligraphy and paper cuttings of  "spring" or "fortune."

The feast on New Year's Eve is very important. People crowd Asian supermarkets for weeks before the celebration. Especially popular are traditional foods like sticky rice cake, fish, oranges and dumplings. Chinese restaurants provide takeout service, or people can reserve a table and eat there. 

After the feast, parents put money in red envelopes and give them to their children. The custom of staying up late doesn't apply here because work and school are waiting the next morning. 

Children are in bed. No loud firecrackers. No phone calls of "Gong Xi Fa Tsai." (恭喜發財) This is Lunar New Year in D.C. The best part is celebrating with family. Happy New Year everyone!

Info Cloud
ABC: American-born Chinese 

有些人是小時候跟父母親移民到美國, 或是獨自前往美國的小留學生, 這些人就不能稱為 ABC

Grammar Gym

Especially: 放在前面
*This snack shop is famous for its desserts. Especially delicious are the pies.
*There are many trails in this national park. Especially beautiful is the trail to the waterfall.  

Language Lab
1.crowd v. 擠滿, 塞滿 
*Movie fans crowded the theater at the premier.
*Passengers crowd the buses during rush hours.

2. takeout 外帶
*Mom will buy takeout pizza for dinner.
*I asked the server to give me the takeout menu.
takeout n. 外賣的食物的餐廳
*The couple runs a Chinese takeout.

3. apply v.適合, 適用
適用在什麼對象 用介系詞 to
*This rule only applies to official employees, not the part-time staff.
這個規定只適用正式員工, 不包括兼職人員

4. firecracker n. 鞭炮
*The firecracker didn't go off at first, but after a few minutes it suddenly went bang. 
這個鞭炮本來沒有爆開, 但是幾分鐘之後, 突然發出劇響
firework n. 煙火
*The fireworks were lit according to our careful calculations. 

Link: mms://

Friday, February 8, 2013

Lunar New Year in Washington, D.C.(1)

A celebration of traditions
Gongs and drums, dragon dances and kung fu demonstrations. You could imagine you were somewhere in Asia celebrating the Lunar Year. But this is Washington, D.C., the United States capital.
A Chinese New Year's parade and festival take place here every year. People must work and go to school, so this holiday could be neglected. But in D.C., a large number of Chinese keep the holiday traditions alive.
The parade in Chinatown is the most memorable part. Different groups from the Chinese community participate in a variety of activities - martial arts, ribbon dances, traditional drums and tai chi. Hundreds of tourists flock to view this parade. Lanterns and red envelopes are given away.
The mall is also impressive during this time. For two weeks, the mall lobby is decorated with spring-festival couplets and red lanterns. Different kinds of entertainment go on every day - Chinese and Cantonese music performances, acrobatics, Chinese calligraphy, and traditional dances. All are the essence of Chinese culture. Parents take their children shopping and let them enjoy this exhibition of a great culture.

Info Cloud
capital n.
* Washington, D.C. is the capital of United States.
* Paris is the fashion capital of the world.
capitol n.美國國會大廈

Language Lab
demonstration n.實地示範、證明
demonstrate v.示範
* Mary's cooking demonstration on TV helped the sales of our frying pen rise by 15%.
* The mechanic demonstrated how to replace the tires.
neglect v.忽略、忽視疏於照顧
* Jason put all his time into his work and neglected his family.
* The boy was neglected by his parents and didn't even go to school.
essence n.本質、精髓
* The essence of the doctor's theory is that learning should be inspired from within. 這位博士的理論精髓是學習的動力必須來自內在
* The essence of this novel is the greed of human beings.
exhibition n.展覽、展示
exhibit v.展覽  n.展示品
* The exhibition of Monet's paintings will start next month.
* Exhibit No.1 is a vase from the Ming Dynasty.

Thursday, February 7, 2013

What's New at the Zoo(3)

The Taronga Zoo
The Taronga Zoo in Sydney, Australia, offers special animal encounters. Visitors can see a koala up close, feed a giraffe or hold a reptile. For those who want to learn what it's like to work at a zoo, Taronga offers a "Keeper for A Day" program for anyone over 18 years old. Participants help prepare food, clean exhibits and learn about animal care.
The San Diego Zoo
At Southern California's San Diego Zoo, animals dwell in natural-looking areas. Wildlife photography lovers can take a class to learn the secrets of photographing animals. The zoo's backstage pass program offers people opportunities to meet a cheetah or feed a rhino. Zookeepers also teach people how to talk to the animals so they will talk back!
Before the zoo opens, people can join Sunrise Surprise Strolls to get the latest updates on the animals and special happenings. Who knows what those may be!
Don't miss the chance to visit one of these zoos and enjoy wildlife in a new way!

Info Cloud
bookkeeper n.記帳員
housekeeper n.女管家
goalkeeper n.守門員
peacekeeper n.維護和平者
zookeeper n.動物園管理員
my brother's keeper來自聖經故事,指有責任照顧共患難的兄弟。
* I know not. Am I my brother's keeper?

Language Lab
encounter n.遭遇、遇見
* We had a close encounter with a bison in Yellowstone national Park.
* My first encounter with pop music was through my older sister.
participant n.參與者、參加者
participate v.參與
* All the participants of the training are required to attend the opening ceremony.
* Eddy participated in last week's protest.
dwell v.居住、存在於..   dwelled or dwelt
* This kind of butterfly only dwells in Taiwan.
* The couple dwelled in Bangkok for two years.
update n.最新的情況、最新的信息、最新報導  v.提供最新的情報
* Susan turned on the radio to listen to the weather update.
* The boss asked for a sales update this morning.
* We'll update you about the latest development of the storm in a minute.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

What's New at the Zoo(2)

The Philadelphia Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo, America's first zoo, has attempted to recreate the traveling that animals do in the wild. The Treetop Trail, a 700-foot, elevated passageway allows monkeys to "wander" outside their enclosure. The Great Ape Trail, also above park visitors' heads, allows the orangutans to see over large areas of the park.
The trails provide engaging experiences for the animals and allow people to observe the animals in new ways. Additional trails are planned Children 1 to 11 can have a memorable birthday party at the zoo featuring a fun and educational presentation.
The Bronx Zoo
The Bronx Zoo in New York City houses 6,000 animals and works to save wildlife and wild places. Those who want to sleep with zebras have a chance at this zoo. Special overnight safaris allow families to camp out on the zoo grounds and meet some amazing animal guests. The Congo Gorilla Forest allows visitors a look into the heart of Africa. Watch more than 20 lowland gorillas romp among the trees.

Info Cloud
ground n.地面
* He is sitting on the ground.
grounds n.
the school grounds學校校園
private grounds私有土地
zoo grounds動物園園區
* He resigned on the grounds of ill health.
* Coffee grounds is a good natural deodorant.

Language Lab
recreate v.重現、重建
* The stage was designed to recreate a medieval castle.
* Wesley is trying to recreate his life after the tragedy.
elevated adj.升高的、提高的、高架的 elevate v.提高
* An elevated highway crosses through the great river.
* The elevated platform on the stage collapsed during the performance.
overnight adj.整晚的、晚上的  adv.整晚地、晚上地 * Timothy took an overnight train to Chicago.
* The fare of an overnight flight is cheaper.
* Marinate the beef overnight.
romp v.嬉鬧、玩耍  n.嬉鬧、玩鬧
* The kids are romping about on the playground.
* His romp through the woods was fun.

You might also like

Tuesday, February 5, 2013

What's New at the Zoo(1)

Many zoos offer much more than just a quick look at animal life     by Ruth Devlin
Where can you peer at a giraffe or marvel at an elephant without taking a trip to Africa? At a zoo, of course. Zoos give people a chance to get up close to animals from every continent in the world. But zoos that offer more than just a chance to see animals are worth seeking out.
Singapore Zoo
At Singapore Zoo, enjoy breakfast while a family of orangutans sits nearby enjoying theirs. A zookeeper tells the breakfast crowd about each member of the family. Or join the Wild Discoverer tour for an in-depth look at some of the animal residents. Learn how the zoo cares for its insects or reptiles, or watch the feeding of the baboons.
Night Safari
Next door lies Night Safari, which offers a glimpse of what nocturnal animals do during their “day.” Take the tram to East Lodge. Then walk the Leopard Trail to see a collection of animals from the giant flying squirrel to the Asian otter. You can also gaze at the amazing leopards and elusive clouded leopard through the windows of their enclosed habitat.

Info Cloud
flock n.羊群、(飛禽、牲畜等的)群
a flock of sheep
herd n.畜群、牧群
a herd of cows
a herd of elephants
pack n.(獵犬、野獸、飛機、艦艇等的)一群、一隊
a pack of hounds
school n.(水族)群、魚群
a school of fish
pride n.(獅子等的)群
a pride of lions
congress n.人群、(狒狒)群
a congress of refugees 一群難民
a congress of baboons

Grammar Gym
* Night Safari offers a glimpse of what nocturnal animals do during their “day.”
* How could Mr. Goodman not be "good" to anybody?
* Elaine has so many pairs of shoes; I'm sure she really "needs" another pair.

Language Lab
peer v.凝神、盯著看
* The old lady peered into the window trying to see the price of the dress.
* He spent hours peering at the computer monitor without moving.
marvel v.大為驚訝、讚嘆不已
* Hilary and I marveled at the movie's special effects.
* We marveled at the artist's talent.
elusive adj.難以捉摸的、不容易看到的
* The police tried to catch an elusive criminal through his acquaintance.
* It seems like taxes in New York are elusive during rush hour.
enclose v.圍住、圈住、關閉
* The mental institution was enclosed by a high fence.
* The village was enclosed by mountains.

You might also like

Monday, February 4, 2013

Traveling on a Shoestring

Tips to spend less on your trips
These days when you go on vacation, you spend most of your money just getting to your destination! Travel is expensive, but don't stay home due to a small budget! Here are some ways you can cut costs and still enjoy a trip:
* Travel during off-season if possible. Flights and hotels are significantly cheaper when tourism is low.
* Choose a hotel that's a little farther from popular attractions. If you're staying several days, check out prices on hostels or vacation homes - both can end up being cheaper than a hotel in the long run.
* Look for deals on metro or subway passes for your destination. A day pass will pay for itself if you use mass transportation instead of taking cabs.
* Plan your meals, and eat like a local. Don't waste money at expensive hotel restaurants or fast-food chains. Depending on where you stay, it may be cheaper to buy your own groceries.
* Check online for special rates - if you're a student, a senior citizen, or traveling with children, you could qualify for discounts! A little research could save you a lot of money.
Whether you're backpacking alone or going on a family vacation, your trip doesn't have to break the bank. The key is to plan ahead and track what you spend. Then put the money you save toward your next trip!

Info Cloud
senior citizen指六十五歲以上長者(為美國人稱老年人的委婉說法) 購物、看電影、搭大眾交通工具都有打折或優惠。

Grammar Gym
A little [something] could save you a lot of [something else].
* A little research could save you a lot of money.
* A smile could save you a lot of time and energy when you need to ask for a favor.
* A quick phone call to confirm your flight could save you a lot of headaches at the airport.

Language Lab
on the shoestring指很便宜、很低廉的東西一點點資金拮据
* He started his ice-cream shop on a shoestring.
* The family lives on a shoestring.
high season旺季
* I bought my air conditioner during the off-season.
* The high season rate of a double room costs over $200 per night.
pay for itself回收、回本
* It might seem like it cost a lot when you bought the vending machine, but it will pay for itself when one year.
* The TV commercial sure paid for itself. Sales tripled in a month.
qualify v.取得資格、具備合格條件
* The training will qualify you to do CPR.
* Only people who have a bachelor's degree are qualified for this position.

Saturday, February 2, 2013

A Strong Foundation(2)

Ben: So I don't need to do everything myself; I just need to make sure everything gets done?
Bob: Exactly. That could mean hiring employees, but it might also mean getting an accountant to help keep the books. Then again, it could mean finding partner companies to outsource certain tasks to.
Ben: How do I do that?
Bob: I would start by checking out government programs that help small businesses. You should also look at any business incubators in your area.
Ben: What's a business incubator?
Bob: It's a business or non-profit organization that fosters the development of new companies. Generally, a business incubator provides things like consulting, office space, administrative assistance and financing to help new companies until they can operate on their own.
Ben: That sounds fantastic!
Bob: For many companies it is. Be careful though. Some programs charge fees, and incubator firms often seek equity in the companies they help.
Ben: So if I take a firm's help, it will own part of my company?
Bob: That's the idea. It invests in your company in hopes that your success will turn a profit for them as well.
Ben: I guess there is no free lunch.
Bob: Except at my hours. Let's get something to eat.
Ben: That sounds great.

Info Cloud
profit n.利潤
non-profit organization非營利組織
charitable organization慈善團體(機構)
charity begins at home(idiom)指先修身齊家,才能治國平天下。

Grammar Gym
* Ben: If I take a firm's help, it will own part of my company?
   Bob: That's the idea.
* A: So if we follow the plan, we'll first hike up    the mountain and then  eat lunch there.
   Be: Yes, that's the idea.
* A: By participating in the charitable event, sponsors could also get free publicity, right?
   B: That's the idea.

Language Lab
outsource v.委外生產、外包
* The company outsourced their customer service department to a company in India.
* Outsourcing the designs can lower our production cost.
administrative adj.行政的、管理的
administer v.管理、執行
* Frank is not good at administrative jobs.
* It's not an easy task to administer such a corporation.
equity n.公平、公正股票、股份
* When George retired, he sold his equity in the company.
* Sam's portfolio includes equities and bonds.
free lunch(idiom)白吃的午餐、不須花錢得到的好處。
* There's no such thing as a free lunch in show business.
* I get to go to Japan for 5 days, but I also have to do a presentation in our branch office.
* Well, there's no such thing as a free lunch.

Friday, February 1, 2013

A Strong Foundation(1)

Successful businesses are built to grow
Ben: Hey. Uncle Bob.
Bob: Hi, Ben. How's the new business coming along?
Ben: Well, we've finished the business plan, but honestly, I have no idea now we're going to make it a reality. There are so many things to do. I don't know how I'll ever get them all done.
Bob: You don't have to do it all yourself, Ben.
Ben: But, if I don't , who will? Bob: It is your company and your responsibility to ensure all the work gets done, but that doesn't mean you have to accomplish everything yourself. The reality is that if you want your business to grow, you must hand over responsibility to other people at some point. Ben: Are you saying I should hire employees? Bob: Not exactly. I'm saying that as you build your business you need to build an organization and as processes of operation. Ben: How do I do that? Bob: Well, there are many different aspects to a business, like supply production, sales and accounting. Ben: That's exactly my problem! Bob: If you were just self-employed, it would be your job to do all those things. As that head of an organization, your business, your job is ultimately to find ways to get things done - but not do all the work yourself.  

Info Cloud
murder v.謀殺(被殺者 murderee)
murderer n.殺人犯  

Language Lab
ensure v.保證、確保
* This mattress can ensure a good night's sleep.
* No systems can ensure that every customer's personal information is completely secure.
hand over交付、移交交給(某人)
* The boss handed over part of his responsibilities to his younger brother.
* Ray took out the file and handed it over to his colleague.
accounting n.會計、會計學
accountant n.會計師
account n.銀行帳戶
* There's a job vacancy in our accounting department.
* All the accounting records are filed under ACCT.
ultimately adv.最後、終究、根本上
* No mater what our conclusions are, the boss ultimately is the one who decides.
* Ultimately, the new version of this smart phone is not that different from the previous one.